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Monday June 27th 2016

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EurekAlert! – Breaking News

Electronic medical practice environment can lead to physician burnout

The growth and evolution of the electronic environment in health care is taking a toll on US physicians. That’s according to a national study of physicians led by Mayo Clinic which shows the use of electronic health records and computerized physician order entry leads to lower physician satisfaction and higher rates of professional burnout. The findings appear in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Ancient ‘Deep Skull’ from Borneo full of surprises

A new study of the 37,000-year old remains of the ‘Deep Skull’ — the oldest modern human discovered in island South-East Asia — has revealed this ancient person was not related to Indigenous Australians, as had been originally thought. The Deep Skull was also likely to have been an older woman, rather than a teenage boy, the UNSW Australia-led research shows.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Study shows women lack confidence in maternity care providers

Every woman who has ever had a baby shower has had to sit through the gruesome war stories about labor and childbirth.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Super-slow circulation allowed world’s oceans to store huge amounts of carbon during last ice age

The way the ocean transported heat, nutrients and carbon dioxide at the peak of the last ice age, about 20,000 years ago, is significantly different than what has previously been suggested, according to two new studies. The findings suggest that the colder ocean circulated at a very slow rate, which enabled it to store much more carbon for much longer than the modern ocean.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

From fire breaks to fire hazards

The peat bogs of the world, once waterlogged repositories of dead moss, are being converted into fuel-packed fire hazards that can burn for months and generate deadly smoke.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Allina Health neuroscience study improves tumor subtyping

Pathology study leads to creation of an algorithm to save time and costs in making brain tumor diagnoses.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

3-D printing produces cartilage from strands of bioink

Strands of cow cartilage substitute for ink in a 3-D bioprinting process that may one day create cartilage patches for worn out joints, according to a team of engineers.

Posted on 27 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Study examines quality of end life care for patients with different illnesses

Families reported better quality of end-of-life care for patients with cancer or dementia than for patients with end-stage renal disease, cardiopulmonary failure or frailty because patients with cancer or dementia had higher rates of palliative care consultations and do-not-resuscitate orders and fewer died in hospital intensive care units, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Posted on 26 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Improvements needed in end-of-life care for patients with organ failure

In a study of patients who died at 146 inpatient facilities within the Veteran Affairs health system, a research team led by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital has found that family-reported end-of-life care was significantly better for patients with cancer or dementia than for patients with other serious illnesses. The team’s findings were presented today at AcademyHealth’s Annual Research Meeting and simultaneously published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Posted on 26 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Georgetown Institute launches real-time study of smartphone fertility app use

In what is believed to be the first study of its kind, researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center’s Institute for Reproductive Health are recruiting as many as 1,200 women to study, in real time, a smartphone app that calculates a woman’s chance for pregnancy on a daily basis.

Posted on 26 June 2016 | 4:00 am

Science News Headlines – Yahoo News

Get the latest Science news headlines from Yahoo News. Find breaking Science news, including analysis and opinion on top Science stories.

Caribbean Sea’s Curious ‘Whistle’ Detected from Space

Bounded by South America, Central America and the Caribbean islands, the semi-enclosed basin of the Caribbean Sea acts like the body of a giant whistle, the scientists wrote in the study. “When you blow a whistle, you hear something because the air oscillates — pulses in and out of the whistle — and radiates a wave,” the study’s lead author Chris Hughes, a researcher at the National Oceanography Centre in Liverpool, in the United Kingdom, told Live Science. “In this case, the water is pulsing in and out of the Caribbean Sea.

Posted on 24 June 2016 | 6:31 pm

‘3Doodler’ Pen Lets You Draw 3D-Printed Creations in Midair

'3Doodler' Pen Lets You Draw 3D-Printed Creations in MidairStill, using a 3D printer isn't always simple: The machine is frequently housed within a box the size of a microwave, and it requires technical software and, in some cases, a detailed knowledge of design. In 2012, Maxwell Bogue and Peter Dilworth, co-founders of 3Doodler along with Daniel Cowen, were trying to come up with the next great kids' toy. The two wished they "could just take the nozzle off the 3D printer and fill in the missing gap," Bogue, now CEO of the company, told Live Science.

Posted on 24 June 2016 | 6:09 pm

Moral Dilemma of Self-Driving Cars: Which Lives to Save in a Crash

New research has found that people generally approve of autonomous vehicles (AV) governed by so-called utilitarian ethics, which would seek to minimize the total number of deaths in a crash, even if it means harming people in the vehicle. The study, based on surveys of U.S. residents, found that most respondents would not want to ride in these vehicles themselves, and were not in favor of regulations enforcing utilitarian algorithms on driverless cars.

Posted on 24 June 2016 | 6:08 pm

Memory-Boosting Trick: Exercise After Learning

Researchers found that people who did a high-intensity workout on a spinning bike 4 hours after completing a memory task had better recall when they were retested two days later than men and women who pedaled the bike immediately after the task, and those who didn’t exercise after the task at all, according to the findings published today (June 16) in the journal Current Biology. The study showed that delaying exercise by 4 hours after learning has a “moderate” effect on memory, said Dr. Guillen Fernandez, a professor of cognitive neuroscience at The Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior at the Radboud University Medical Center in the Netherlands. The findings showed that exercise improves memory performance and changes the way memories are stored in the brain, said Fernandez, who conducted the research with Eelco van Dongen, a postdoctoral student at the institute, and other colleagues.

Posted on 24 June 2016 | 11:15 am

Previous exposure to dengue may make Zika worse, scientists find

By Kate Kelland LONDON (Reuters) – Scientists studying the Zika outbreak in Brazil say previous exposure to another mosquito-borne virus, dengue, may exacerbate the potency of Zika infection. The scientists said their results, published in the journal Nature Immunology, suggested that some dengue antibodies can recognize and bind to Zika due to the similarities between the two viruses, but that these antibodies may also amplify Zika infection in a phenomenon called antibody-dependent enhancement. This effect is already known with dengue, they said, and is thought to explain why, when a person gets dengue fever a second time, the infection is often more serious than the first.

Posted on 23 June 2016 | 5:24 pm

Human skin cells used in animal-free cosmetic tests

By Matthew Stock A UK-based laboratory is working to eradicate animal testing in the cosmetics industry by developing alternative methods which are not only cruelty-free but more scientifically advanced than other current tests. XCellR8 uses scaffolds of cells from human skin donated by plastic surgery patients, which they say are ideally suited to testing cosmetic products. “For skin irritation testing the cells are isolated from human skin that has been donated by people who have had plastic surgery and they’ve said that they’re quite happy for the tissue to be used for research purposes.

Posted on 23 June 2016 | 4:31 pm

Solar plane lands in Spain after three-day Atlantic crossing

The solar-powered plane Solar Impulse 2 is pictured before landing at San Pablo airport in Seville, southern SpainAn airplane powered solely by the sun landed safely in Seville in Spain early on Thursday after an almost three-day flight across the Atlantic from New York in one of the longest legs of the first ever fuel-less flight around the world. The single-seat Solar Impulse 2 touched down shortly after 7.30 a.m. local time in Seville after leaving John F. Kennedy International Airport at about 2.30 a.m. EDT on June 20. The flight of just over 71 hours was the 15th leg of the round-the-world journey by the plane piloted in turns by Swiss aviators Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg.

Posted on 23 June 2016 | 6:43 am

How mushrooms fueled a scientist’s flight out of North Korea

In this June 1, 2016 photo, scientist Lee T.B. who fled North Korea to South Korea, walks inside his newly-built laboratory in Hwaseong, South Korea. Lee has studied the fungi for decades and has created products with them that he believes may fight diseases including cancer, which killed his wife more than 25 years ago. He felt his work was constrained by, and ultimately even in some danger from, the North Korean government, so he fled to South Korea in 2005. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)HWASEONG, South Korea (AP) — Lee T.B. fled North Korea not because he suffered from dire poverty or persecution at home, as many other defectors have. He did it for mushrooms, and to fulfill his wife's dying wish.

Posted on 23 June 2016 | 12:41 am

Stem cell scientist suspected of involuntary manslaughter

STOCKHOLM (AP) — A disgraced stem cell scientist is facing preliminary charges of involuntary manslaughter in connection with two patients who died after windpipe transplants, Swedish prosecutors said Wednesday.

Posted on 22 June 2016 | 1:26 pm

Human flights to Mars still at least 15 years off: ESA head

Monitors are pictured in the main control room of the European Space Operations Centre in DarmstadtYou'll have to wait at least 15 years for the technology to be developed, the head of the European Space Agency (ESA) said, putting doubt on claims that the journey could happen sooner. "If there was enough money then we could possibly do it earlier but there is not as much now as the Apollo program had," ESA Director-General Jan Woerner said, referring to the U.S. project which landed the first people on the moon. Woerner says a permanent human settlement on the moon, where 3D printers could be used to turn moon rock into essential items needed for the two-year trip to Mars, would be a major step toward the red planet.

Posted on 22 June 2016 | 1:10 pm