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Tuesday September 30th 2014

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Environment News Headlines – Yahoo! News UK

U.N. Ebola mission head wants significant progress in 60 days

ACCRA (Reuters) – The U.N. mission for Ebola wants to achieve significant progress in combating the deadly disease within 60 days, including ensuring that 70 percent of cases receive treatment, its new head Tony Banbury said on Tuesday. At least 3,091 people have died from Ebola since the West African outbreak was first reported in the remote southeast forest region of Guinea in March. The other two most affected countries are Sierra Leone and Liberia. …

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 4:04 pm

Tiny Sea Monkeys Create Giant Ocean Currents

Tiny Sea Monkeys Create Giant Ocean CurrentsEvery evening, sunset signals the start of dinner for billions of wiggling sea monkeys living in the ocean. As these sea monkeys — which are not actually monkeys but a type of shrimp — swarm to the surface in one large, culminating force, they may contribute as much power to ocean currents as the wind and tides do, a new study reports. Even though they're small, sea monkeys — given the playful name because their tail resembles a monkey's tail, but also known as brine shrimp (Artemia salina)  — may contribute about a trillion watts, or a terawatt, of power to the surrounding ocean, churning the seas with the same power as the tides, the researchers said. Devotees can watch a group of brine shrimp hatch, grow and mate within weeks.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 3:53 pm

Well-Armed Design: 8 Octopus-Inspired Technologies

This cephalopod is dexterous underwater, can camouflage itself, has well-developed vision, muscular arms, sensory suction cups and a soft body. “The octopus is a fascinating animal, very special indeed, given its muscular structure that works like a modifiable skeleton,” said Cecilia Laschi, a biorobotics professor at the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa, Italy. Here are some novel technologies that researchers, like Laschi herself, have created based on the sea creature: A team of researchers led by Cunjiang Yu, an assistant professor of engineering at the University of Houston, and John Rogers, a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, developed their own version of that camouflage.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 2:03 pm

Wildlife populations plummet for 3,000 species

WWF's new Director General Marco Lambertini speaks during a press conference, where he presented the Living Planet Report 2014 at the European headquarters of the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Tuesday, Sept. 30, 2014. "There is no room for complacency," said Lambertini, calling for a greater focus on sustainable solutions to the impacts that people are inflicting on nature, particularly through the release of greenhouse gases. (AP Photo/Keystone, Salvatore Di Nolfi)GENEVA (AP) — About 3,000 species of wildlife around the world have seen their numbers plummet far worse than previously thought, according to a new study by one of the world's biggest environmental groups.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 11:35 am

Aral Sea: One of the World’s Biggest Lakes Has Dried Up

Aral Sea: One of the World's Biggest Lakes Has Dried UpThe Aral Sea has almost completely dried up, with satellite images showing how the lake has been completely devastated over the last 50 years.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 11:02 am

Sumitomo Corp shares slump most in 18 years after profit forecast slashed

TOKYO (Reuters) – Sumitomo Corp shares slumped the most in 18 years after Japan’s fifth-biggest trading house by sales slashed its annual profit forecast by 96 percent due to massive losses on a U.S. shale project and sharp declines in iron ore and coal prices. Japanese trading houses have invested heavily in North American shale oil and gas fields as the world’s third-largest economy looks to diversify its energy sources after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011. But revised reserve estimates and unproductive wells have led to write-downs. …

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 10:10 am

Wildlife Populations Halved in Last 40 Years by ‘Human Consumption and Degradation’

Wildlife Populations Halved in Last 40 Years by 'Human Consumption and Degradation'World wildlife populations have decreased by more than 50% in the last 40 years.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 8:43 am

Wildlife numbers halved over past four decades: WWF

A giant albatross chick (L) and his mother are pictured on their nest on Possession Island in the archipelago of Crozet in the Austral seas in Antarctica, on July 1, 2007Wildlife numbers have plunged by more than half in just 40 years as Earth's human population has nearly doubled, a survey of over 3,000 vertebrate species revealed on Tuesday.

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 7:44 am

How Viewing Earth as an Exoplanet Can Help Search for Alien Life

How Viewing Earth as an Exoplanet Can Help Search for Alien LifeAn extraterrestrial spacecraft lurking in a satellite's orbit near Earth would be able to see city lights and pollution in our atmosphere. NASA's Kepler space telescope is among a fleet of telescopes and spacecraft searching for rocky planets similar to our own.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 8:24 pm

Time for worldwide fund to save mangroves: UNEP

Mangroves, which absorb waves and are home to many threatened species, are being destroyed at more than triple the rate of land forestsWorld lenders should set up a "Global Mangrove Fund" to protect these hotspots of biodiversity and vital sources of income, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) said on Monday.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 8:14 pm

Green News – Environment and climate change news

Earth news from Telegraph Earth – your source for environment and green news and environment and green issues, with information on farming, climate change, global warming, pollution, green living and recycling, and all other environment issues.

Japan volcano: The violent eruption of Mount Ontake, in pictures

Deadly Japanese volcano blankets the surrounding area in thick ash

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 11:42 am

Pictures of the day: 30 September 2014

A baby meerkat, a monster pumpkin and Boris Johnson makes a brick

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 11:15 am

How to train your dragon: lizards taught to open doors

The University of Lincoln proves that lizards can learn from each other, a trait previously thought to belong to just a few primates and birds

Posted on 30 September 2014 | 6:00 am

Ten British wildlife species in danger: in pictures

Ten British species facing the risk of extinction

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 11:01 pm

Half of world’s animals have disappeared since 1970

A shocking report from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has found that 52 per cent of the world’s animals have vanished in 40 years

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 11:00 pm

Bats lured to deaths at wind farms ‘because they think turbines are trees’

Flashing red lights may be needed to prevent bats making potentially-fatal mistake, scientists say

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 7:00 pm

Pictures of the day: 29 September 2014

Two tiny dormice, surfing dogs and Roundabout of the Year winner

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 11:30 am

Paddle boarder films close encounter with blue whale

Watch as this blue whale surfaces in front of a paddle boarder in California

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 10:16 am

Dogwalker spots a snake eating a squirrel

Watch as this black eastern rat snake swallows a squirrel whole

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 9:44 am

In pictures: Rescue underway as Japanese volcano violently erupts

Mount Ontake blankets the surrounding area in thick ash

Posted on 28 September 2014 | 11:37 am

Earth & Climate News — ScienceDaily

Childhood asthma linked to lack of ventilation for gas stoves

Parents with children at home should use ventilation when cooking with a gas stove, researchers are recommending, after a new study showed an association between gas kitchen stove ventilation and asthma, asthma symptoms and chronic bronchitis.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 10:05 pm

Nitrogen fingerprint in biomolecules could be from early sun

The pattern of nitrogen in biomolecules like proteins, which differ greatly from that seen in other parts of the solar system, could have been generated by the interactions of light from the early sun with nitrogen gas in the nebula, long before Earth formed.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 7:45 pm

Causes of California drought linked to climate change

The extreme atmospheric conditions associated with California’s crippling drought are far more likely to occur under today’s global warming conditions than in the climate that existed before humans emitted large amounts of greenhouse gases, scientists say.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 5:35 pm

DNA signature found in Ice Storm babies: Prenatal maternal stress exposure to natural disasters predicts epigenetic profile of offspring

The number of days an expectant mother was deprived of electricity during Quebec’s Ice Storm in 1998 predicts the epigenetic profile of her child, a new study finds.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 2:53 pm

Climate detectives reveal handprint of human caused climate change in Australia

Australia’s hottest year on record in 2013 along with the accompanying droughts, heat waves and record-breaking seasons of that year was virtually impossible without the influence of human-caused global warming, scientists say.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 2:53 pm

Dolphins are attracted to magnets: Add dolphins to the list of magnetosensitive animals, French researchers say

Add dolphins to the list of magnetosensitive animals, French researchers say. Dolphins are indeed sensitive to magnetic stimuli, as they behave differently when swimming near magnetized objects.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 2:52 pm

Smart, eco-friendly new battery made of seeds and pine resin

Present-day lithium batteries are efficient but involve a range of resource and environmental problems. Using materials from alfalfa (lucerne seed) and pine resin and a clever recycling strategy, researchers have now come up with a highly interesting alternative.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 1:40 pm

Predicting landslides with light

A team of researchers in Italy are expanding the reach of optical fiber sensors ‘to the hills’ by embedding them in shallow trenches within slopes to detect and monitor both large landslides and slow slope movements.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 1:38 pm

Tooth buried in bone shows prehistoric predators tangled across land, sea

Before dinosaurs, it was thought the top aquatic and terrestrial predators didn’t often interact. But researchers have discovered that the smaller of the two apex predators was potentially targeting the larger animal.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 1:06 pm

Greenland Ice Sheet more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought

A new study finds that the Greenland Ice Sheet, which covers 1.7 million square kilometers and contains enough ice to raise sea levels worldwide by seven meters, is less stable and more sensitive to climate change than previously thought.

Posted on 29 September 2014 | 1:05 pm